US Brigadier General Telford Taylor (front right), chief of counsel, sits at the prosecution table with his staff during the reading of charges against the defendants in the RuSHA Trial. October 10, 1947.
US Holocaust Memorial Museum
RuSHA (the German acronym for the Race and Resettlement Main Office) was a central organization in the implementation of racial programs of the Third Reich. Fourteen of its leading officials were charged with crimes against humanity, war crimes, and membership in criminal organizations. The defendants were accused of kidnapping "racially valuable" children, forcibly evacuating foreign nationals from their homes, and persecuting and murdering Jews. The tribunal found eight defendants guilty on all counts, five guilty only of membership in a criminal organization, and one not guilty. The chief defendant, Ulrich Greifelt, was sentenced to life in prison. The others received terms ranging from time already served to 25 years.