The defendants (back row) and their lawyers (front row) during the Pohl Trial. April 8, 1947.
National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md.
Oswald Pohl, head of the German Economic-Administrative Main Office, and 17 members of his staff were charged with war crimes against civilians of German-occupied territories and prisoners of war in concentration camps. They were also accused of crimes against humanity against both German civilians and nationals of other countries. The tribunal acquitted three defendants. The rest were found guilty and four were sentenced to death. Pohl was executed on June 8, 1951.