Four Polish women arrive at the Nuremberg train station to serve as prosecution witnesses at the Doctors Trial. From left to right are Jadwiga Dzido, Maria Broel-Plater, Maria Kusmierczuk, and Wladislawa Karolewska. December 15, 1946.
National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Md.
Twenty-three prominent German physicians and medical administrators were brought to trial for their willing participation in war crimes and crimes against humanity. These doctors violated the most basic precepts of their duty to heal and “cause no harm.” Chief Counsel Telford Taylor stated that “The defendants in this case are charged with murders, tortures, and other atrocities committed in the name of medical science.” The tribunal found 16 of the doctors guilty and sentenced 7 of them to death. They were executed on June 2, 1948.