Alfred Rosenberg (1893-1946) was official chief Nazi philosopher, head of the Nazi party's foreign affairs department, and Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories. Rosenberg established an organization whose mission was to loot and confiscate cultural treasures from all over Europe and bring them to Germany. As Reich Minister for the Occupied East, he played a role in the annihilation of Soviet Jews and the deportation of other Soviet civilians for forced labor. Rosenberg was found guilty on all four counts (conspiracy, crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) and sentenced to death. He was hanged on October 16, 1946.