Defendants Karl Doenitz (left), Erich Raeder (center), and Baldur von Schirach under guard in the defendants' dock at Nuremberg.
Harry S. Truman Library
Erich Raeder (1876–1960) was Commander in Chief of the German Navy until his resignation and retirement in May 1943. Raeder was found guilty on counts one, two, and three (conspiracy, crimes against peace, and war crimes) and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was released due to poor health in 1955, having served only nine years of his sentence.