Franz von Papen (1879-1969) was former Chancellor of Germany (1932), Ambassador to Austria (1934-1938), and Ambassador to Turkey (1939-1944). As Ambassador to Austria, von Papen paved the way for the Anschluss (the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany). He failed in his attempts to persuade Turkey to join the Axis alliance in World War II. Von Papen was acquitted of all charges at Nuremberg. In 1949 a German denazification court sentenced him to time in a labor camp; however, von Papen was released immediately following appeals.