The Trajectory of Democracy: Why Hungary Matters
The rise of antisemitism in Hungary in recent years has been coupled with efforts to rehabilitate wartime political leaders and Hungarian fascist intellectuals who allied Hungary with Nazi Germany and collaborated in the murder of hundreds of thousands of Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust.
Efforts to minimize Hungarian complicity in the deportation and murder of Hungarian Jewry, and to explain away Hungary’s role in the destabilization of Europe through the country’s participation in the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia during the years 1938–1941, have created substantial risk of distortion or denial of key elements of Holocaust history.
On March 19, 2013, Paul A. Shapiro, director of the Museum’s Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, testified before the joint Senate–House of Representatives US Commission on Security & Cooperation in Europe at a hearing titled The Trajectory of Democracy: Why Hungary Matters.
Focusing on the rise of antisemitism and the risk of the distortion of Holocaust history in present-day Hungary, Mr. Shapiro’s testimony provided historical background on the Holocaust in Hungary and the attempts by some in the Hungarian government, in the Fidesz ruling party, and in some other political parties to deny this history to fit political and nationalistic ends.
Read Mr. Shapiro’s full testimony as submitted for the record.
Watch a video of the hearing (Mr. Shapiro’s testimony begins at 2:11:42).