The following online resources represent a cross section of information related to the Holocaust available on the World Wide Web. To ease searching, the Web sites are grouped under topical headings and are annotated with brief descriptions. Resources are in English, unless otherwise noted. The Museum does not officially endorse any particular site or its content. We appreciate your comments and feedback about this page; please e-mail the Library at email@example.com.
Latest update: December 2008
CAMPS AND CAMP MEMORIALS
Electronic resources on concentration and extermination camps, forced and slave labor camps, internment camps, and prisoner of war camps.
Concentration and Extermination Camps
Web site of the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial place and museum, established in 1947 on the grounds of the former concentration camps, Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Includes a history of the camps, period and current photographs, information about the museum, and a list of its publications.
Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State (PBS)
Companion site to the PBS documentary series on the Auschwitz complex of concentration camps and its role in the Holocaust. Provides background on the Nazi concentration camp system, information on the historical development of Auschwitz, and a set of interactive maps and plans. Includes a timeline, glossary, photographs, teacher resources, and an interview with the filmmaker.
Web site for the memorial museum on the grounds of the Nazi extermination camp at Belzec, Poland. Reviews the history of the camp and provides information about the museum and its development. Includes maps, numerous historic photographs, and current photographs from the grounds of the memorial museum. [Polish]
Web site of the Bergen-Belsen memorial place and museum. Includes a history of the camp and a camp chronology, information about the museum and its permanent exhibition, a description of educational programs, resources, and events, and a list of camp publications. Features information about their efforts to document the fate of former camp prisoners. [German, French, and English]
Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora
Web site of the Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora memorial places (Gedenkstätten). Features an extensive history with photographs, a listing of news updates related to the memorial sites, an archive, library, and more. [English, German, and French]
Comité Vrouwenconcentratiekamp Ravensbrück
Site created in conjunction with a group of Dutch survivors from the women's concentration camp, Ravensbrück. Offers information on the memorial created by the Comité, the history of Ravensbrück, the group's educational and remembrance activities, and art and poetry related to the camp. [Dutch]
Web site of the Dachau memorial place (Gedenkstätte). Features a history of Dachau, as well as links to other memorial sites and international remembrance organizations. [English and German]
Web site of the Ebensee Concentration Camp Memorial. Documents the history of this Upper Austrian satellite camp of Mauthausen from its opening in November 1943 to its liberation in May 1945. Includes information on the Museum of Modern History in Ebensee. [German, French, English, and Polish]
Web site of the Dokumentations- und Informationszentrum Emslandlager. Chronicles fifteen lesser-known camps located in the Emsland region that were designated by the Nazis as concentration camps, prison camps, military prisons, POW camps, and subcamps of Neuengamme. [German, English, French, and Dutch]
Informational site for the Flossenbürg memorial and museum. Details the history of the camp from its opening in May 1938 to the death march and liberation in April 1945. Provides information on the camp's victims and perpetrators, a listing of satellite camps, and information on the postwar history of the site. Includes reproductions of historic documents and photographs, maps of the camp and its surrounding region, and links to related remembrance museums. [German]
The Forgotten Camps
Site created by Vincent Châtel and Chuck Ferree and hosted by JewishGen. Provides an extensive, searchable listing of camps, organized by type, with a special emphasis on lesser-known subcamps. Includes a glossary of camp terminology and a listing of companies that used concentration camp inmates for slave labor.
Germany — a Memorial — a Research Task 1996 to...
Offers a database of information about the Nazi Camp System, including concentration camps and their satellite camps, detention centers, penal camps, labor reformatory camps, forced labor camps, ghettos, and institutions of the T4 killings. Also provides a series of maps that depict the development of the camp system throughout the war years and a bibliography of source material. A project of the Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum in Hagen, Germany. [German, with introductory material and a glossary in English]
KZ Gusen Memorial Committee
Site of the memorial committee for the concentration camp at Gusen, a sub-camp of Mauthausen. Includes articles about the history of the camp and ongoing efforts to commemorate those who died there.
Web site of the Gusen memorial site, maintained by the Austrian Department of the Interior. Features a history of the camp and its liberation, diagrams and photographs of the site, and a description of the visitors center and exhibition. [German and English]
Web site created by the local history association, Landsberg im 20. Jahrhundert (Landsberg in the Twentieth Century), for the planned Holocaust memorial at Landsberg am Lech in Bavaria. Relates the history of the Kaufering complex of eleven concentration camps that surrounded Landsberg and the massive armament industries created there by prisoner labor. Describes Landsberg's postwar role as the site of both a displaced persons camp for Holocaust survivors and a prison for Nazi war criminals. Includes photographs, a list of publications, press releases on the planned memorial, and links to regional remembrance sites. [English and German]
Web site for the State Museum at Majdanek, the concentration camp near Lublin, Poland. Reviews the history of the camp and provides information about the Museum, including its archives and collections. Also addresses the Museum's research, publication, education, and preservation efforts. Includes numerous images from the camp and the Museum. [Polish and English]
Web site of the Mauthausen memorial place, developed by the Austrian Department of the Interior. Features a history of the camp, an extensive bibliography, current events, and an alphabetical listing of links to resources on the Holocaust.
Informational site for the memorial on the grounds of the Moringen concentration camp. Relates the development of Moringen, first as a camp for male political prisoners, then as a camp for women, and finally, in 1938, as a “protective” camp for young men from 1940 to 1945. Provides information on the development of the memorial, a calendar of events, and photographs. [German and English]
Web site of the Neuengamme memorial place, with links to Neuengamme's subcamps and external memorials, including Bullenhuser Damm, Poppenbüttel Plattenhaus, and Fuhlsbüttel. Features numerous photographs, histories, contact information, annual reports, and more. [German]
Memorial Sites in Northrhine-Westfalia
Overview of the Holocaust memorial sites (Gedenkstätten) in the state of Northrhine-Westfalia, published by the Arbeitskreis NS-Gedenkstätten NRW e.V. Includes information about various sites designated as Gedenkstätten, such as former concentration camps, prisons, synagogues, and public spaces. Features photographs, contact information, and an annotated collection of links for additional resources worldwide. [German and English]
Informational site for the memorial museum of the Oberer Kuhberg concentration camp at Ulm, Germany. Relates the history of the camp site from its beginnings as a nineteenth-century fort to its notorious use as a camp for political prisoners under the Nazi regime. Provides information on the museum association and the educational activities and events it sponsors. Includes online versions of selected museum publications, photographs of the camp site, and links to related remembrance museums. [German]
Web site of the Osthofen memorial place, NS-Dokumentationszentrum Rheinland-Pfalz/Gedenkstätte KZ Osthofen. Features an overview of the permanent exhibition, Die Zeit des Nationalsozialismus in unserem Land (The Time of National Socialism in Our Region). Also includes a history of the Osthofen camp and a calendar of public events. [German]
Web site of the Ravensbrück memorial place, providing detailed information on current exhibitions, research projects, educational programs, and archival and library collections, in addition to histories of the camp and the memorial. [German, English, French, Italian, and Polish]
Informational Web site for the Sachsenhausen memorial and museum. Details the camp history, including its post-war uses. Provides a camp map and photographs, and describes the educational and research programs offered by the museum. Also presents visitor information and items of current interest. [German and English]
Presents the history of the Sonderkommando, or special work groups, in the Auschwitz concentration camp complex. Includes photographs, background information, a glossary of terms, a frequently-asked questions list, and descriptions Sonderkommando as depicted in film, literature, radio, and television. [German]
Informational site for the museum located on the grounds of the former Nazi concentration camp. Recounts the history of the camp and offers an online gallery of historic photographs, an interactive map, and visitors’ information.
Muzeum Martyrologiczne w Zabikowie
Presents information concerning the exhibits, archival holdings, publications, and activities of the Museum at the former concentration camp site of Zabikowo, near Poznan, Poland.
Forced and Slave Labor Camps
Dwangarbeid - Zwangsarbeit (Forced Labor)
Presents articles on forced labor camps during the Holocaust, including resistance efforts, camps, and factories, all incorporating eyewitness testimony. Includes period photographs and images of artifacts. [German and Dutch]
Forced Labor Camps: Hagen Region
Web site of the Historical Center of Hagen documenting forced and slave labor projects in the Hagen region during World War II. Includes a list of firms that utilized forced labor, photographs, archival sources, and contact information. [German, English, and Russian]
NS-Dokumentationszentrum der Stadt Köln
Web site of the NS-Dokumentationszentrum der Museen der Stadt Köln (Documentation Center about National Socialism of the Museums of the City of Köln) featuring resources on the hundreds of camps and businesses in the region of Köln that utilized forced or slave labor. Includes a searchable database of camps and firms, information on library sources, and contact information. [German]
Informational site for the memorial created on the grounds of one of the Neckarelz forced labor camps in Mosbach, Germany. Includes a brief history of the camps, illustrations, information on the memorial's publications, and visitors information. [German]
Web site documenting the REIMAHG (REIchsMArschall Hermann Goring) underground aircraft factory and forced labor camp at the Walpersberg Mountain near Kahla, Germany. [English, French, and German]
Presents the history of the forced labor camps in the area of Haslach im Kinzigtal, Germany, that existed from September 1944 through April 1945. Includes photographs of recent events and conferences. [German]
Walpersberg Mahn- und Gedenkstaette
Presents information and images of the forced labor camp and aircraft factory REIMAHG that operated in Walpersberg. Includes images and recent news events. [English, German, and Italian]
Prisoner of War (POW) Camps
Berga: Soldiers of Another War
Companion site to the PBS documentary about the Berga forced labor camp where many American prisoners of war (POWs) perished. Describes the Nazi practice of singling out POWs suspected of being Jewish, the harsh treatment these POWs received, and their eventual deportation to Berga am Elster, a subcamp of Buchenwald. Provides information on the Nazi camp system, Nazi war crimes, and the forced labor performed by POWs across Nazi Germany. Includes photographs, audio and video clips, and maps.
Colditz Castle: Nazi Prison Escape
Companion site to a PBS documentary on a series of escape attempts by Allied prisoners of war at Colditz Castle, a medieval edifice converted into a Nazi prison. Includes a timeline of events, transcripts from the broadcast, scanned images of original documents, maps, photographs, eyewitness interviews, and links to related Web sites.
Stalag Luft I - XVIIb
Web site sponsored by the 392d Bomb Group Memorial Association, providing photographs, maps, names lists, and individual camp histories regarding the POW camps for captured Allied airmen.
Transit and Internment Camps
Web site of camp Amersfoort, a transit and penal camp set up by the SS in the Netherlands in 1941. Features a history of the camp, an online tour, news updates, and a page on archaeological relics found at the site. Also includes numerous images, maps, and resources for further information. [Dutch, English, and Russian]
Web presence of the museum and memorial located on the site of the former Breendonk transit camp in Belgium. Includes a history of the camp and information about visiting the site. [Dutch, French, German, and English]
Web site of the Breitenau memorial place (Gedenkstätte), hosted by the University of Kassel. Documents the history of this little-known Gestapo prison and transit camp for political inmates, which is situated in a former cloister dating back to the 12th century. Includes a detailed chronology of the camp, an introduction to the permanent exhibition, and contact information. [German]
The Mechelen Museum of Deportation and the Resistance
Web site for the museum established in Mechelen, Belgium in the Dossin barracks formerly used by the Nazis as a deportation point for Jews. Offers a chronology of the Holocaust in Belgium and contact information for other Belgian organizations related to the Holocaust.
Nationaal Monument Kamp Vught
Official Web site of the memorial and museum located on the site of the Vught transit camp in the Netherlands. Provides information for visitors, a history of the site, and a partial listing of victims who passed through the camp. [Dutch, with some English pages]
Informational site for the Westerbork memorial and museum. Details the history of the camp from its beginnings as a refugee camp to its eventual use as a transit camp for Jews being deported from the Netherlands to Auschwitz and other concentration camps. Provides historic and present-day photographs of the camp site, a description of the educational programs and activities held at the museum, and visitor information.
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