In the fall of 1945, a small contingent of Americans from many walks of life gathered in Nuremberg, Germany to assist the representatives of other Allied countries in dispensing justice against the major war criminals of the Third Reich. These participants worked in all areas of the Trial process as guards, translators, journalists, attorneys, architects, and writers. In Witnesses to Nuremberg, eleven of them recount their personal reactions to and impressions of the Nuremberg Trials.
These stories humanize one of the most important events in modern history. The witnesses describe the criminals on trial and the lawyers who prosecuted those criminals. They speak of the volatile atmosphere inside the courtroom and on the streets of Nuremberg, living conditions for Americans, and relations with the newly defeated Germans. They discuss their own personal reasons for coming to Nuremberg and how many Americans back home reacted with ambivalence to news of the Trials.
The authors selected these oral histories from thirty interviews originally conducted at the Center for Oral History, Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, at the University of Connecticut. Each interview includes questions and respondents’ statements, as well as background information and a photograph for each interviewee. (The complete collection of unedited, original tapes and transcripts are available at the Dodd Research Center.) The book concludes with a transcribed conversation in which the authors discuss the making of the book, and two appendices provide supporting information. The first appendix lists the charges, verdicts, and sentences for each defendant, and includes a statistical table concerning the twelve subsequent trials. The second appendix contains the transcript of the American Forces Network Broadcast that aired the day before the opening session of the Trial. Additional reading suggestions and an index complete the supplementary material.
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|TABLE OF CONTENTS|
|Photographs and Credits|
|THE COURTROOM’S ARCHITECT|
|Dan Kiley: Architect of Palace of Justice Renovations|
|PRISON AND SECURITY GUARDS|
|William H. Glenny: Cell and Escort Guard for Major War Criminals|
|Burton Carlow: Special Services for Prison and Court Facilities at Nuremberg|
|George Krevit: Court Page|
|INTERROGATORS AND TRANSLATORS|
|Harry Fiss: Translator/Documentation|
|Joseph Maier: Chief, Analysis Section, Interrogation Division|
|Seymour Peyser: Legal Staff for International Military Tribunal|
|Robert King: Attorney, Justice Case|
|Henry King Jr.: Prosecution Staff|
|Harold Burson: American Forces Network Radio Correspondent|
|Andy Logan: Correspondent for The New Yorker|
|Conclusion: Talking about Witnesses to Nuremberg|
|International Military Tribunal (IMT): Charges, Verdicts, and Sentences, and Statistical Table of the 12 Subsequent Trials|
|Transcript of American Forces Network Broadcast, November 19, 1945|
|Suggested Additional Reading|