Varian Fry in Marseille.
Courtesy of Le Chambon / Columbia University (Photo #15042)
Fry is pictured at Villa Air Bel, the country estate just outside Marseille that he shared with a group of refugees, including the noted artist André Breton and his family. During the winter of 1940-1941, Fry and Breton welcomed to Villa Air Bel many members of the famed surrealist circle who had fled Paris, among them Victor Brauner, Max Ernst, Jacques Hérold, and André Masson. This group continued to create artistic and literary works while there, even as the war raged in Europe.