“Invaluable...monumental...no comparable work in any language has documented this important history with the thoroughness, skill, and analytical sophistication this book demonstrates.”
— Leo Spitzer, Dartmouth College
“For the English-reading public, Ioanid’s study provides access to the horrors of Antonescu’s treatment of the Jews and gypsies for the first time. His task has been facilitated by the hundreds of thousands of pages of documentation on the subject that the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum has assembled...By drawing on their rich source of documentation...Ioanid has provided a path-breaking synthesis...At the same time, he stimulates the reader into an analysis of Antonescu’s own version of the Final Solution.”
— Dennis Deletant, East European Politics and Societies
“Primarily based on previously unpublished Romanian documents...the book engages the reader in an emotionally charged yet thoroughly scholastic journey...Several ideas are important from a political scientist’s perspective...A beautiful, tragic, and highly academic book.”
— Denise Roman, Nationalities Papers
“Detailed and precise. His mastery of the material is evident throughout. His interpretations are sound, his methods are clear. It is virtually without competition for Ioanid has reviewed and reported on new documentation that has hitherto been virtually unavailable for anyone to see...Ioanid is...plowing fresh ground... In Ioanid, the Jews of Romania have found a historian whose intellect matches his dedication to detail and his passion to tell the truth he uncovers.”
— Michael Berenbaum, Together
In 1930, 757,000 Jews lived in Romania. They constituted the third-largest Jewish community in Europe. Today not more than 14,000 Jews live in Romania, most of them elderly. The record of the Holocaust in Romania includes many curious chapters of betrayal and support, but they have been largely unavailable until now. Radu Ioanid’s account, based upon unparalleled access to previously secret East European government archives, is an unprecedented analysis of heretofore purposely hidden materials. Archival records, published and unpublished reports, memoirs of survivors, lettersDr. Ioanid uses all these elements to build an accurate perspective on Romanian policies of racism, antisemitism, and the extermination of Jews during the regime of Ion Antonescu.
“Nowhere else in Europe,” Dr. Ioanid writes, “has a mass murderer, Adolf Hitler’s faithful ally until the very end, a man who once declared war on the United States, been honored as a national hero, inspired the erection of public monuments, and had streets named for him.” Today in Romania there is a growing effort to deny the government’s role in the tragedy.
The Holocaust in Romania, in stark detail, sheds light on the reality of the persecutions, the cruelty of the perpetrators, and their blatant opportunism and endless cynicism. No Romanian Jewish community was spared. The pattern of destruction is not unfamiliar: legislative discrimination followed by defamation, outbursts of violence, disorder, robbery, deportations, ad hoc killings, and organized genocide. Yet an elusive national policy and the opportunistic strategies of Romanian authorities allowed 300,000 Romanian Jews to survive the war.
“How to explain so much cruelty, manifested on so many levels, by Romanian society?” asks Elie Wiesel in his foreword. “Ioanid supplies us with documented details….It takes tremendous force to read this book from cover to cover.” From the book jacket.
“[A] definitive account of the Holocaust in Romania under the rule of Ion Antonescu.”
— George Cohen, Booklist
“Ioanid presents anecdotes and details that shatter the heart….Perhaps his greatest service is to provide names for so many of the victims, personalizing the cruelty and rendering it all the more tragic. A seminal work, part narrative, part reference, destined to stand on the shelf alongside other classics of Holocaust history.”
— Kirkus Reviews
“This survey of the destruction of Jews and gypsies under the Antonescu regime from 1940-44 surveys a little-known era in Romanian history (indeed, much of the nation’s history is little revealed to those outside the country). Chapters prove in depth a holocaust every bit as extensive as the German experience and reveals cruelty expressed on many levels in Romanian society.”
— Midwest Book Review
Radu Ioanid was born and grew up in Bucharest, Romania. He studied at the University of Bucharest; at the University of Cluj, where he received a Ph.D.; and at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, where he received a doctorate in history. He has also written The Sword of the Archangel: Fascist Ideology in Romania, as well as numerous articles and contributions to collections of essays. He has been a Starkoff Fellow at the American Jewish Archives and is now Director of the International Archival Programs Division of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.