July 1941 1
Brief HA pan of city of Lvov. In bright sun, Jewish men (some bearded, with yarmulkes) are forced to carry and lay out the bodies of those murdered by the GPU/NKVD [not Jewish victims]. Very gruesome: some corpses have no heads, some are bloated, disintegrating bodies. MS pans of bodies splayed out. SS soldiers look on, clutching kerchiefs to their mouths.
See Story 267, Tape 201 for similar footage.
During the Lvov/Lemberg massacre of June, 1941, the retreating Soviets killed several thousand mostly Ukrainian nationalist prisoners who were being held in several prisons throughout Lvov. The Germans blamed the massacre on the Jews and used the NKVD's atrocity as propaganda to incite a pogrom in which over 4,000 Jews were killed. A further 7,000 Jews were murdered by the Einsatzgruppen.
Historical information on Lvov massacre taken from Photo Archives database.
Biography / History:
1991.260.1 The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased this from the Bundesarchiv in Berlin, Germany in September 1991. The footage was transferred at Bibo TV in Germany and obtained as research for the Museum's Permanent Exhibition.
07/23/1941 (censor date)
Bundesarchiv, DW 568/31/41 R2
1"; DigiBeta; Betacam SP; VHS
02:47:48 - 02:48:28