Julien Bryan Collection
Scenes in Warsaw as General ?mig?y-Rydz becomes Field Marshal of Poland. The dignitaries arrive at the parade review stand. Press camera corps photograph the event, which includes officials shaking hands, ?mig?y-Rydz close-ups, marching soldiers, and troop reviews. Massive crowds of bystanders. 01:20:44 A woman sells Polish flags with the eagle crest insignia. 01:21:03 CU profile of ?mig?y-Rydz flanked by two Catholic officials, including Cardinal Hlond, whose antisemitic pronouncements at the time fueled longstanding anti-Jewish attitudes among Polish Catholics (see more of Hlond in RG-60.4016). 01:21:20 Polish planes fly over Warsaw as part of the ceremonies. 01:21:49 Tanks parade down the street, the cannons are drawn by horses. Another shot of planes flying in formation overhead.
Detailed preservation notes from the film lab are available in SSFVA department files.
Additional photographs are available in the USHMM Photo Archives.
Biography / History:
Quote from Jan Karski: "The Great Powers & Poland 1919-1945":
'On May 12, 1936, General Smigly-Rydz was appointed commander-in- chief by the president of the republic. Two months later, on July 13, he was designated by government decree as the "First Person in Poland after the President of the Republic," and state functionaries were ordered to "honor him and obey." November 11, 1936, he was made marshal. From then on, he assumed the role of the national leader more and more obviously. His position made the army completely autonomous, free from any public control.'
Julien Hequembourg Bryan (1899-1974) was an American documentarian and filmmaker. In the 1930s, he conducted extensive lecture tours, during which he showed film footage he shot in the former USSR. Between 1935 and 1938, he captured unique records of ordinary people and life in Nazi Germany and in Poland. He was in Warsaw within days of Germany's invasion of Poland in September 1939 and remained throughout the German siege of the city, filming and photographing what would become America's first cinematic glimpse of the start of WWII.
2003.214 The Julien Bryan Collection of films, photographs, documents, and artifacts was purchased by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum from Sam Bryan and the International Film Foundation, Inc. on February 12, 2003.
Sam Bryan, JB 2426Q
35mm, b/w, neg
35mm; DigiBeta; Betacam SP; VHS
01:18:33:18 - 01:22:16:09
US Holocaust Memorial Museum, gift of Julien Bryan Archive