"Neerlands Nieuws / Polygoon Profilti" "Het Proces Rauter Opens with the trial of Hanns Rauter, an Austrian who was the highest SS official in Nazi-occupied Holland and who was tasked with setting up Westerbork and Vught 02:19:44 The judge's voice, presumably reading the indictment, over footage of well dressed civilians wearing stars either arriving at Westerbork or boarding for deportation to Auschwitz. Men, women, and children. Good shots of Dutch military police on duty. Back to Rauter sitting at the trial. 02:20:12 Men wearing wooden clogs getting off train at Westerbork lining up next to rail cars. At trial, evidence presented and witnesses called (sync sound). 02:24:38 People climbing aboard railcars with armbands, large wheeled litter goes by. 02:24:50 Sophia de Groot at far left of the door opening on train wagon #9, gesturing to someone on the platform. People waiting to board clustered around open car. Two men shake hands, small child waves from window, German officers at tracks, men put barrel buckets in each car. Famous footage of Sinti girl Settela Steinbach with head scarf, looking through slightly opened car door. Car doors shut by Jewish policeman and Westerbork camp inmate Hans Margules, train pulls out. 02:26:16 Back to trial, Rauter speaks: "I only did as ordered, I don't feel guilty, I am not a war criminal..." and then leaves courtroom. The camera follows him out until he gets into the back of a police van and is driven away.
See Story 2394, Tape 858 for duplicate footage.
Biography / History:
More information on the young Sinti girl: Settela (her Gypsy name may have been Blieta) Steinbach was one of the 245 Dutch Sinti who perished in Auschwitz/Birkenau. Settela was killed less than three months after her arrival in one the five gas chambers of Birkenau on either July 31 or August 1, 1944, the date of the liquidation of Birkenau's Zigeunerlager - Gypsy Camp. Settela and the other Sinti had been incarcerated in Camp Westerbork less than three days before being deported to Birkenau. Settela's last, and world renowned, picture was taken on May 19, 1944 moments before the door on her was bolted and locked. For more information about the plight of Dutch Sinti and Roma, consult the following text: "Settela" by Aad Wagenaar published by "De Arbeiderspers, Singel 262, Amsterdam" (in Dutch). Also consult the documentary film "Settela" by Dutch filmmaker Cherry Duyns (1994). The film identifies Settela Steinbach who peers out of an opening in the cattle-car on the train leaving Westerbork (Holland) for Belsen, in an oft-reproduced image of the Holocaust. The filmmaker also locates the photographer (a Jewish prisoner).
1992.258.1 The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased this from the National Archives and Records Administration in October 1992. The footage was obtained as research for the Museum's Permanent Exhibition.
WAR CRIMINALS/WAR CRIMES TRIALS
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), 200 UN 5760x1
1"; Betacam SP; VHS
02:18:03 - 02:29:13