In all the prosecutions of high treason...[the German] Supreme Court has identified criminals only among the left wing. It looks at the overthrow of the government, demanded and openly or secretly prepared by the right wing, by the National Socialists and those of similar ilk, with an almost approving toleration. -Berliner Tageblatt,July 13, 1930
WORKS BURNED Um Alles,1932 Editorials in Berliner Tageblatt
Influential German journalist Theodor Wolff (1868-1943) was a vocal opponent of the Nazis. Chief editor of the liberal newspaper Berliner Tageblatt for nearly half a century, Wolff, an assimilated, non-practicing Jew, was perceived by the Nazis as the symbol of a Jewish-controlled press determined to undermine German national pride. Wolff had been a sharp opponent of the Nazis through the Weimar years. His paper had engaged in harsh exchanges with the Nazi press. In 1933, he was targeted in particular by Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, with whom he had frequently clashed in print during the last years of the Weimar Republic. His 1932 work Um Alles was a plea for democracy and tolerance. In 1933, Wolff emigrated to France, where he was betrayed to the Gestapo ten years later. Interned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Wolff was released only to die in a hospital for Jews in the Moabit section of Berlin. Issues of the Berliner Tageblatt including Wolff's editorials were among those items burned by the students in May 1933.