A Changed World: The Continuing Impact of the Holocaust
“A single landmark of justice and honor does not make a world of peace.”
—Former U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson, January 1947.
Today, protecting and assisting the estimated 14 million refugees worldwide remains a challenge. This scene from the Iridimi refugee camp in Chad shows refugees living in makeshift shelters constructed from sheeting provided by relief groups and from local materials. USHMM
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The Holocaust — the mass murder of the European Jews — was a watershed event in human history. In the aftermath of World War II, the world — from individual nations to the United Nations; from religious leaders to professionals in fields as diverse as law, medicine, and science; from presidents and prime ministers to private citizens — confronted its legacy. Many of the issues raised by this cataclysmic event continue to have an impact on our lives and the world in which we live.
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In light of the moral failures that allowed the Holocaust to happen...
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Jewish refugees from Europe aboard the RMS Mataroa hold a Zionist flag as their ship legally enters the port of Haifa, July 1945.USHMM, courtesy of Israel Government Press Office
THE IDEA OF A JEWISH HOMELAND
Pope John Paul II places a prayer in the Western Wall in Jerusalem during his historic trip to Israel in 2000.Photo courtesy of “A Blessing to One Another”
RECONCILIATION BETWEEN CHRISTIANS AND JEWS
Hadiya Adam Ahmed, living under a tree after fleeing into Chad from Darfur, Sudan, 2004. She had been shot twice by a Sudanese soldier to prevent her reaching a well.USHMM, photo by Jerry Fowler
Carl Clauberg (far left), a research gynecologist, conducted cruel experiments at Auschwitz mostly on Jewish prisoners in 1943–44, aiming to develop an inexpensive method of mass sterilization.Instytut Pamieci Narodowej—Komisja Scigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu, Warsaw
THE PRINCIPLE OF “INFORMED CONSENT”
Speaking out on behalf of human rights is Elie Wiesel, Nobel Peace Prize–winner, Holocaust survivor, and Founding Chairman of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council.USHMM
INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic who was put on trial for war crimes at the International Criminal Tribunal, The Hague.
INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY FOR CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
General Dwight D. Eisenhower visited the newly liberated Ohrdruf concentration camp in April 1945, to witness firsthand the evidence of Nazi atrocities. He urged others to do the same, lest these crimes be forgotten or dismissed as mere ‘propaganda.’USHMM, courtesy of National Archives
PREVENTING AND PUNISHING THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE
This companion brochure is available here online or at the Museum’s information desk.
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