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Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected President of the United States

Franklin D. Roosevelt during the 1932 American presidential campaign. Boston, United States.

Franklin D. Roosevelt during the 1932 American presidential campaign. Boston, United States. —Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

November 8, 1932

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945) is elected the 32nd president of the United States.

When the Nazis seized power in Germany in January 1933, Roosevelt, less than two weeks into his administration, was preoccupied with the Great Depression and its consequences for the United States and the world. Nevertheless, the new president was well-informed about the Hitler regime and its anti-Jewish policies, and early on perceived Nazi Germany as a threat to vital US interests. As persecution of Jews in Germany intensified during the 1930s, however, Roosevelt did not include among his priorities an effort to respond to the growing refugee problem that Nazi policies created.