Kindertransport (Children's Transport) was the informal name of a series of rescue efforts which brought thousands of refugee Jewish children to Great Britain from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. Thousands of Jewish children found refuge as a result of these efforts between December 1938 and May 1940. Most of these boys and girls would never again see their parents, who were murdered during the Holocaust.
December 2013 marks the 75th anniversary of the arrival of the first Kindertransport.
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Anne Frank was one of over one million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust. She was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, to Otto and Edith Frank. Read more about Anne Frank
Between October 18, 1945, and October 1, 1946, the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg tried 22 “major” war criminals on charges of crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, and conspiracy to commit such crimes. Read more about war crimes trials
In Europe, antisemitism, nationalism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, and opportunism induced citizens of nations Germany occupied to collaborate with the Nazi regime in the annihilation of the European Jews and with other Nazi racial policies. Such collaboration was a critical element in implementing the “Final Solution” and the mass murder of other groups whom the Nazi regime targeted. Read more about collaboration