The Nazis targeted all Jews—men, women, and children—for persecution and eventually murder. The regime sometimes subjected women, however, to brutal persecution that was unique to the gender of the victim, including forced sterilization and rape. Nazi ideology also targeted Roma (Gypsy) women, Polish women, and women with disabilities living in institutions.
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Anne Frank was one of over one million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust. She was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, to Otto and Edith Frank. Read more about Anne Frank
In Europe, antisemitism, nationalism, ethnic hatred, anti-communism, and opportunism induced citizens of nations Germany occupied to collaborate with the Nazi regime in the annihilation of the European Jews and with other Nazi racial policies. Such collaboration was a critical element in implementing the “Final Solution” and the mass murder of other groups whom the Nazi regime targeted. Read more about collaboration