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During Your Visit: Using the Question Cards Browse

The Role of Bystanders

The Role of Bystanders

Nazis and local residents look on as Jews are forced to get on their hands and knees to scrub the pavement. Vienna, German-incorporated Austria, March–April 1938.

— USHMM, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park

Make a mental list of the places you see bystanders or observers in photographs—what are these observers looking at and what are they doing?

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This publication has been funded in part by a gift in memory of Simcha, Gisele, Eva and Leah Münzer.