The Nuremberg Trials: What Is Justice? Trace the actions of the international community following World War II to prosecute those individuals and institutions responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Wexner Center, Second Floor
The Holocaust was the systematic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
During the Holocaust, German authorities targeted other groups because of their perceived “racial inferiority”: Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). They also persecuted other groups—Communists, Socialists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and homosexuals—on political, ideological, and behavioral grounds.
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