The "Science" of Race
A number of prominent German scientists willingly carried out racial research on behalf of the Nazi regime. One of them, Dr. Otmar von Verschuer, a specialist in research on twins, human pathology, and race hygiene, sat on “hereditary health courts” that decided the fates of individuals slated for sterilization because of a presumed hereditary disease. During the Second World War, Verschuer’s institute in Berlin studied blood serum and organ samples taken from Jewish, Roma (Gypsy), and other “racially diverse” prisoners at the Auschwitz camp.
After the war, Verschuer continued his research into heredity and was appointed as a professor of human genetics at the University of Münster. Following his death in 1969, his glass eye chart used for racial studies and glass slides of images illustrating racial and ethnic diversity and genetic abnormalities were slated for the trash, but they were rescued from destruction and donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Learn more from the Museum's exhibition Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race