Rescue and Resistance
During the Holocaust, acts of rescue and resistance were the exception. Carrying out such deeds was dangerous and punished severely by Nazi authorities. Yet thousands of individuals and some communities risked their lives either to save Jews or fight against Nazi rule. Perhaps the most extraordinary case of collective rescue occurred in October 1943, when more than 7,000 Danish Jews were transported across the sea to neutral Sweden by fisherman, resistance fighters, and ordinary citizens. In Le Chambon-sur-Lignon and the neighboring villages in France, the villagers took action and hid several thousand Jews.
Sometimes resistance and rescue went hand-in-hand. Some underground groups, such as the Rada Pomocy Żydom (Council for Aid to Jews), code-named Żegota, which operated in occupied Poland, provided false documents, money, and safe hiding places to thousands of Jews seeking to escape Nazi genocide. Faced with death, some Jews valiantly struck back at their persecutors, allowing others to escape and creating a legacy of heroism for posterity.
Location: Final Floor
Learn more about the themes covered on this floor of the exhibition