Model of Auschwitz Crematorium
This plaster model of the gas chambers at Crematorium II at Auschwitz-Birkenau was made by the Polish sculptor Mieczysław Stobierski (1914–1998). Trained as an artist in the 1930s in Cracow, Stobierski began his career creating religious figures for churches and designing public monuments. In 1939, he served in the Polish army and, after the German occupation, in the Polish resistance. After the war ended in 1945, Stobierski met with former Auschwitz-Birkenau prisoners and attended the trial of former SS guards who participated in the gassing operations in the camp. Using this knowledge, he created his first model of Crematorium II for the newly established memorial and museum at Auschwitz in 1947–49.
In 1992, Stobierski completed this commissioned model for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. It contains almost 3,000 individually sculpted figures and is more than 20 feet in length.