National Gallery of Canada Provenance Research Project
The National Gallery of Canada maintains a list of digital images of more than 100 artworks from its permanent collections that have gaps in their provenance for the World War II years. This information is published in accordance with the Guidelines Governing the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects during the Nazi Era, adopted by the Association of Art Museum Directors (AAMD) in June 1998 and by the Canadian Art Museum Directors Organization (CAMDO) in 1998 and 1999.
Although there is no evidence that the Nazis stole any of these artworks from Jewish families, the gallery is following the recommendations of both the AAMD and the CAMDO and asks the public for help in identifying possibly stolen pieces.
Pierre Théberge, C.Q., Deputy Director and Chief Curator
National Gallery of Canada
380 Sussex Drive
P.O. Box 427, Station A
Canada K1N 9N4
Telephone: +1 613 990 1959
Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal recherche sur la provenance
[Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Provenance Research]
The museum’s online provenance research was initiated to provide information on its European paintings and sculptures executed before 1946 and acquired since 1933 for which the provenance is incomplete for the years 1933 to 1945.
The Art Gallery of Ontario Provenance Research Project
In July 1998, the Board of Trustees of the Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO) established the Ad Hoc Committee on the Spoliation of Art in Europe (1933–1945). The AGO’s staff Task Force focused on the most important paintings, sculptures, and drawings of the European collection with gaps in their provenance between the critical years of 1933 and 1945. Forty-six works of art are listed on the AGO Web site, which will continue to be updated.
Consumer Assistance Centre
Canada’s life and health insurers have established a dedicated, toll-free telephone information service, in both English and French, to assist anyone seeking information on possibly unclaimed insurance proceeds owing to victims and survivors of the Holocaust and their heirs. This service is being offered through the Consumer Assistance Center (CAC) of the Canadian Life and Health Insurance Association. The center assists callers by putting them in touch with Canadian insurers or with other organizations in the United States and elsewhere that have been set up to assist the heirs of Holocaust victims, survivors, and their heirs to locate possibly unclaimed insurance policies on a worldwide basis.
Canada participated in the Washington Conference on Holocaust-Era Assets.
Canada participated in the London Conference on Nazi Gold.
Canada participated in the Vilnius International Forum on Holocaust Era Looted Cultural Assets. Proceedings of the Forum can be found at http://www.vilniusforum.lt/proceedings/index.htm.
The Canadian Symposium on Holocaust-Era Cultural Property was held in Ottawa, Ontario, November 14–16, 2001. It was organized by the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC) and the Canadian Museums Association (CMA) to explore the historical, research, legal, and moral issues and challenges posed by the potential presence of Nazi-spoliated works of art and other cultural property in Canadian public collections and to develop recommendations toward a national strategy to address these issues. The recommendations can be found at