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Special Focus

Persecution

Displaying: 1 – 10 / 14

  • “Give Me Your Children”: Voices from the Lodz Ghetto

    The Jewish children of Lodz suffered the unfolding harsh realities and recorded their experiences. Their voices—preserved in letters, diaries, memoirs, and oral histories—as well as historical photographs, original documents, and objects from collections around the world offer a view into the struggle of a community and its young to live in spite of the most difficult circumstances.

    Themes

  • Black History month

    Black History Month

    The fate of black people from 1933 to 1945 in Nazi Germany and in German-occupied territories ranged from isolation to persecution, sterilization, medical experimentation, incarceration, brutality, and murder. The number of black people living in Nazi-occupied Europe was relatively small and there was no systematic program for their elimination.

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  • Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race

    From 1933 to 1945, Nazi Germany carried out a campaign to “cleanse” German society of people viewed as biological threats to the nation’s “health.” Enlisting the help of the medical community, the Nazis developed racial health policies that began with the mass sterilization of “genetically diseased” persons and ended with the near annihilation of European Jewry.

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  • Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto

    Determined to leave a record for the future, the Jews of the the Kovno ghetto in Lithuania methodically created secret archives, diaries, drawings, and photographs to document German crimes against their community.

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  • Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms

    On November 9–10, 1938, the Nazis staged vicious pogroms—state sanctioned, anti-Jewish riots—against the Jewish community of Germany. These came to be known as Kristallnacht (now commonly translated as “Night of Broken Glass”).

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  • Life in Shadows: Hidden Children and the Holocaust

    Thousands of Jewish children survived the Holocaust in hiding. Facing constant fear and danger, they lived in shadows, where a careless remark, a denunciation, or the murmurings of inquisitive neighbors could lead to discovery and death.

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  • Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933–1945

    Believing homosexuals to be carriers of a “degeneracy” that weakened society and hindered population growth, the Nazi regime arrested and incarcerated in prisons and concentration camps tens of thousands of German men—leaving many dead and shattering the lives of many more.

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  • Nazi Persecution of the Disabled: Murder of the “Unfit”

    The Nazi persecution of persons with disabilities in Germany was one component of radical public health policies aimed at excluding hereditarily “unfit” Germans from the national community. These strategies began with forced sterilization and escalated toward mass murder. The most extreme measure, the Euthanasia Program, was in itself a rehearsal for Nazi Germany’s broader genocidal policies.

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  • Personal Histories

    The items people chose to take with them as they fled Nazi persecution; a mother’s efforts to protect her child; the atmosphere in ghettos in the aftermath of roundups and deportations; conditions in cattle cars during deportation—these are among the experiences described in featured personal histories.

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  • Szpilman’s Warsaw: The History behind The Pianist

    The movie The Pianist is set in Holocaust-era Warsaw and tells the remarkable story of Polish-Jewish musician Wladyslaw Szpilman. Hunger and hiding, resistance both spiritual and violent, conscious choices and sheer luck—all of these played a role in the unlikely survival of Szpilman and the fate of hundreds of thousands of other Jews under Nazi control in Warsaw.

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Displaying: 1 – 10 / 14