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Special Focus

Germany

  • Buchenwald Concentration Camp

    With its many satellite camps, Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps established within the old German borders of 1937. The camp was constructed in 1937, about five miles northwest of Weimar in east-central Germany. President Barack Obama visited Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. Explore the links on this page to learn more about the camp and its significance.

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  • Do You Remember, When

    A teenager in Berlin before he was deported to Auschwitz, Manfred Lewin created a keepsake book to memorialize his relationship with Gad Beck and the community of Jewish youth from which the two young men drew their strength and their solace.

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  • Fighting the Fires of Hate: America and the Nazi Book Burning

    On May 10, 1933, university students across Nazi Germany burned thousands of books in an ominous “cleansing” of the “un-German spirit,” setting fire to the works of Helen Keller, Ernest Hemingway, Sigmund Freud, and others. These book burnings became a potent symbol in America’s fight against Nazism and continue to resonate today.

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  • Nazi Olympics Berlin 1936

    For two weeks in August 1936, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi dictatorship camouflaged its racist, militaristic character while hosting the Summer Olympics.

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  • Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933–1945

    Believing homosexuals to be carriers of a “degeneracy” that weakened society and hindered population growth, the Nazi regime arrested and incarcerated in prisons and concentration camps tens of thousands of German men—leaving many dead and shattering the lives of many more.

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  • State of Deception: The Power of Nazi Propaganda

    The Nazi Party used modern techniques as well as new technologies and carefully crafted messages to sway millions with its vision for a new Germany.

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