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Collections Highlights


  • A Forgotten Suitcase: The Mantello Rescue Mission

    Around 2005, a woman found a mysterious suitcase in her basement in Geneva, Switzerland. Inside the suitcase were more than one thousand World War II-era certificates bearing the official seal of the Consulate of El Salvador. What were these documents? Their history reveals one of the largest scale, yet least known, rescue attempts of the Holocaust.


  • Choosing to Act: Raoul Wallenberg

    The year 2012 marked the 100th anniversary of the birth of Raoul Wallenberg, whose courage during the Holocaust saved tens of thousands of lives.


  • Father Jacques

    During the Holocaust, relatively few people rescued Jews in German-occupied Europe. Indifference, antisemitism, and fear all deterred rescue efforts. But among those risking imprisonment and even death to save Jews were individual Christian clergy, who hid thousands of Jewish children in religious institutions or with willing families. Among these clergy was Father Jacques de Jésus (born Lucien Bunel in 1900), who made a boys’ school in Avon, France, a refuge for young men seeking to avoid conscription for forced labor in Germany and for Jews.


  • Flight and Rescue

    With the help of a Dutch businessman and a Japanese diplomat, some 2,100 Jewish refugees escaped war-torn Europe just months before the mass killings began—ultimately finding safety in the Far East and points beyond.


  • Memories of Courage

    Despite the indifference of many and outright collaboration of others in the murder of Jews, thousands of individuals, both Jewish and non-Jewish, took a stand against the persecution and killing of innocent people.


  • Oskar Schindler: An Unlikely Hero

    Oskar Schindler’s actions to protect Jews during the Holocaust have earned him a special place among honored rescuers.


  • Personal Histories

    The items people chose to take with them as they fled Nazi persecution; a mother’s efforts to protect her child; the atmosphere in ghettos in the aftermath of roundups and deportations; conditions in cattle cars during deportation—these are among the experiences described in featured personal histories.


  • Rescue of the Jews of Denmark

    The autumn of 2013 marks the 70th anniversary of the rescue of the Jews of Denmark. The Danish resistance movement, assisted by many ordinary citizens, coordinated the flight of some 7,200 Jews to safety in nearby neutral Sweden.


  • Some Were Neighbors: Collaboration & Complicity in the Holocaust

    Millions of ordinary people witnessed the crimes of the Holocaust—in the countryside and city squares, in stores and schools, in homes and workplaces. Across Europe, the Nazis found countless willing helpers who collaborated or were complicit in their crimes. What motives and pressures led so many individuals to abandon their fellow human beings? Why did others make the choice to help?