Benjamin Valentino is an Associate Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. His research interests include the causes and consequences of ethnic conflict and mass violence, and American foreign and security policies. Professor Valentino's book, Final Solutions: Mass Killing and Genocide in the 20th Century, received the Edgar S. Furniss Book Award for making an exceptional contribution to the study of national and international security. He serves as a consultant to several U.S. government agencies involved in providing early warning of genocide and other forms of political instability. He is currently the Co-Chair of the Tobin Project National Security Working Group - a non-partisan advisory group designed to bring together academics and policy makers to develop new ideas on major American policy issues. He is also currently serving with the Museum’s Committee on Conscience as a Ganek Fellow, where he is working on developing a public early warning system for genocide and other atrocities. His work has appeared in outlets such as The New York Times, Foreign Affairs, Security Studies, Public Opinion Quarterly, World Politics, The Journal of Politics and the University of Wisconsin International Law Journal. He is working on several projects focusing on public opinion on the use of force and variation in patterns of civilian and military casualties in interstate wars.