This program consists of two panels organized around the question of an international responsibility to protect vulnerable civilians whose governments have are unwilling or unable to protect them. The discussion is broke into two parts: the capacity to prevent violence and the capacity to intervene to respond to violence. The 10th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide provides the historical background to this discussion, raising a horrible reminder of the consequences when international will and capacity to respond to genocide are weak. The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty’s elaboration of a “responsibility to protect” offers an alternate guidepost for this discussion, outlining ways of imagining international responsibility beyond state sovereignty as well as practical improvements needed to build a capacity to respond to deadly violence.
This conference was held as part of a series of events marking the tenth anniversary of the Rwandan genocide, including a keynote address by Samantha Power the night before at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.
President, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
WWICS Africa Program
President Emeritus, Carnegie Corporation of New York, and Co-Chair, Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict
Assistant Secretary-General, United Nations
Head, Conflict Prevention Unit, European Commission
Senior Vice President and Special Advisor on Latin America, International Crisis Group
Director, Fund for Peace
Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy, NATO
Vice Chair, Africa Union Commission
Victoria K. Holt
Senior Associate, Henry L. Stimson Center
Consultant to the National Security Archive (and former Director of its Freedom of Information Project)