United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Arthur Szyk
introduction

Satan Leads the Ball
[USHMM #93833/Location of original artwork unknown, photo courtesy of Irvin Ungar through the Arthur Szyk Society ]
Satan Leads the Ball, 1942 Detail

Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini

Il Duce
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Venice. Italy, June 14, 1934.
Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini meets with Adolf Hitler. 1941-1943.
Axis leaders Adolf Hitler and Italian prime minister Benito Mussolini meet in Munich, Germany, ca. 1941.

Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini
Szyk portrayed the Italian leader as a Nazi lackey whose army’s poor performance in the field mirrored his own bedraggled appearance.


 
Il Duce

[USHMM #93758/Dr. Samuel Halperin, Washington, D.C.;
Original dimensions: 9 7/16" x 13 5/8" ]
Il Duce, Esquire, June 1942
In the 1940s, Esquire was America’s most noted men’s magazine, with a mass circulation of some 500,000. Building on Szyk’s growing popularity, the journal distributed color reproductions of Szyk’s wartime images for display in more than 500 United Service Organizations (USO) centers throughout the United States.


 
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Venice. Italy, June 14, 1934.
[USHMM #77539]

Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Venice.

Italy, June 14, 1934.



 
Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini meets with Adolf Hitler. 1941-1943.
[USHMM #89908/Muzej Revolucije Narodnosti Jugoslavije]

Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini meets with Adolf Hitler.

1941-1943.



 
Axis leaders Adolf Hitler and Italian prime minister Benito Mussolini meet in Munich, Germany, ca. 1941.
[USHMM #80504/National Archives and Records Administration]

Axis leaders Adolf Hitler and Italian prime minister Benito Mussolini meet in Munich.

Germany, ca. 1941.





Satan Leads the Ball

Introduction
Jewish Artist
Wartime Caricaturist
Action - Not Pity
Szyk resources
Jewish Artist
MORE Szyk