United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Arthur Szyk
introduction

Satan Leads the Ball
[USHMM #93833/Location of original artwork unknown, photo courtesy of Irvin Ungar through the Arthur Szyk Society ]
Satan Leads the Ball, 1942 Detail

Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler

He Who Rules By the Sword, Collier’s, February 27, 1943.
interview
Early advertisement for Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, showing the original title of the work. Munich, Germany, 1924.
Hitler delivers a speech at the Harvest Thanks Day celebration. Bueckeberg, Germany, September 30, 1934.
Hitler salutes the youth ranks at the Nazi Party Congress. Nuremberg, Germany, September, 1935.
A streetcar decorated with swastikas passes billboards displaying Hitler's face. The billboards urge Austrians to vote
Adolf Hitler speaks at the Nazi Party Congress.
At Berlin's Sportpalast arena, Hitler (at podium) delivers a speech to thousands of Nazi party officials.

curator's
comments

Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler
Carrying a copy of his autobiography, Mein Kampf (My Struggle).


 
He Who Rules By the Sword, Collier’s, February 27, 1943

[USHMM #93705/Wm. Hallam Webber, Maryland;
Original dimensions: 13 11/16" x 10 11/16" ]
He Who Rules By the Sword, Collier’s, 1943
In the 1940s Collier’s was one of America’s leading magazines, with a mass circulation of almost three million. As a sign of Szyk’s growing popularity as a wartime caricaturist, the magazine used several of his images for cover art in 1942 and 1943. This cover art for Collier’s shows Hitler with a demon over his shoulder looming over the globe. Mussolini grabs at Hitler’s vest tail, while a skeleton in a Nazi helmet stands to the left.


 
[Interview:
Steve Luckert

United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C.
2002

Playing time 1:11]




Dr. Steve Luckert, curator of The Art and Politics of Arthur Szyk, speaks about Arthur Szyk's portrayals of Adolf Hitler and the Axis leaders. Dr. Luckert also describes how Szyk emphasized what he saw as the embedded nature of militarism and antisemitism in German society.




 
Early advertisement for Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, showing the original title of the work. Munich, Germany, 1924.
[USHMM #01657/Library of Congress]

Early advertisement for Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, showing the original title of the work.

Munich, Germany, 1924.



 
Hitler delivers a speech at the Harvest Thanks Day celebration. Bueckeberg, Germany, September 30, 1934.
[USHMM #71547/DIZ Muenchen GMBH, Sueddeutscher Verlag Bilderdienst]

Hitler delivers a speech at the Harvest Thanks Day celebration.

Bueckeberg, Germany, September 30, 1934.



 
Hitler salutes the youth ranks at the Nazi Party Congress. Nuremberg, Germany, September, 1935.
[USHMM #05316]

Hitler salutes the youth ranks at the Nazi Party Congress.

Nuremberg, Germany, September, 1935.



 
A streetcar decorated with swastikas passes billboards displaying Hitler's face. The billboards urge Austrians to vote
[USHMM #70073/Wide World Photo]

A streetcar decorated with swastikas passes billboards displaying Hitler's face. The billboards urge Austrians to vote "Ja" (Yes) in the upcoming plebiscite on the German annexation of Austria.

Vienna, Austria, April 1938.



 
Adolf Hitler speaks at the Nazi Party Congress. Nuremberg, Germany, September 1938.
[USHMM #71538/DIZ Muenchen GMBH, Sueddeutscher Verlag Bilderdienst]

Adolf Hitler speaks at the Nazi Party Congress.

Nuremberg, Germany, September 1938.



 
At Berlin's Sportpalast arena, Hitler (at podium) delivers a speech to thousands of Nazi party officials. Berlin, Germany, April 1941.
[USHMM #87883]

At Berlin's Sportpalast arena, Hitler (at podium) delivers a speech to thousands of Nazi party officials.

Berlin, Germany, April 1941.





Satan Leads the Ball

Introduction
Jewish Artist
Wartime Caricaturist
Action - Not Pity
Szyk resources
Jewish Artist
MORE Szyk