United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

To Be Shot as Dangerous Enemies of the Third Reich, 1944
The Art and Politics of Arthur Szyk
action -
not pity


historical photo
historical photo
historical photo
art work
[USHMM #94612/Gift of Alexandra and Joseph Braciejowski;
Original dimensions: 6 5/8" x 9 5/8"]
To Be Shot as Dangerous Enemies of the Third Reich, 1944
Szyk's efforts to expose the hideous nature of the Nazi "Final Solution," in which even innocent Jewish children who represented no military threat to German rule were condemned to die, is well reflected here. The drawing first appeared in the New York daily newspaper PM in 1943 and later on prints and fundraising stamps for Peter H. Bergson's Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe.


 
A Jewish woman and children before a mass execution. Lubny, Soviet Union, October 16, 1941.
[USHMM #83015/Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Wiesbaden]

A Jewish woman and children before a mass execution. This photo, originally in color, was part of a series taken by a German military photographer. Copies from this collection were later used as evidence in war crimes trials.

Lubny, Soviet Union, October 16, 1941.



 
German Einsatzgruppen soldiers guard Jewish women and children before massacring them. Lubny, Soviet Union, October 16, 1941.
[USHMM #83025/Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Wiesbaden]

German Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing unit) soldiers guard Jewish women and children before massacring them. In the background, other Jews are forced to undress and their clothing is heaped on the ground. This photo, originally in color, was part of a series taken by a German military photographer. Copies from this collection were later used as evidence in war crimes trials.

Lubny, Soviet Union, October 16, 1941.



 
Scene of mass murder committed by Einsatzgruppen. Lubny, Soviet Union, October 16, 1941.
[USHMM #83028/Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Wiesbaden]

Scene of mass murder committed by Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units). Jewish women and children under guard near piles of clothing and other personal possessions of the victims. This photo, originally in color, was part of a series taken by a German military photographer. Copies from this collection were later used as evidence in war crimes trials.

Lubny, Soviet Union, October 16, 1941.




 
We're Running Short of Jews, 1943
Exhibition tour
exhibition
tour
Exhibition tour
exhibition
tour
[USHMM #93797/Gluckselig Family Collection, New York;
Original materials: Pen and ink on paper;
Original dimensions: 16 1/4" x 14 1/8"]

We're Running Short of Jews, 1943
Detail showing 2,000,000 figure Detail showing dedication to Szyk's mother
Dedicated to Szyk's mother, this drawing reflected both the calculated and ongoing nature of the Nazi "Final Solution" as well as American knowledge of the Holocaust. The note on the desk announcing the killing of two million Jews refers to the figure publicized in November 1942 and confirmed by the State Department. In July 1943, the drawing appeared as an editorial cartoon in PM under the title "We Are Running Out of Jews."

 
[Exhibition tour with video illustration:
We're Running Short of Jews

Playing time :50

Narration from audio tour produced by Antenna Audio.]




Listen to a description of We're Running Short of Jews. (From the audio tour produced to accompany the Museum's exhibition)



 
[Exhibition tour:
Fate of Szyk's mother

Playing time :58

Narration from audio tour produced by Antenna Audio.]




Arthur Szyk's daughter, Alexandra Szyk Bracie, describes the fate of Szyk's mother and brother. (From the audio tour produced to accompany the Museum's exhibition)



Szyk's mother was deported to the Chelmno killing center in September 1942; however, Szyk never knew exactly what happened to his mother and brother. After the war, he composed this dedication:


In March 1943 my beloved seventy-year-old mother, EUGENIA SZYK, was taken from the ghetto of Lodz to the Nazi furnaces of Maidanek. With her, voluntarily went her faithful servant, the good Christian, JOSEFA, a Polish peasant. Together, hand in hand, they were burned alive. In memory of the two noble martyrs I dedicate my pictures of the Bible as an eternal
Kaddish for these great souls.


Introduction
Jewish Artist
Wartime Caricaturist
Szyk resources
Szyk resources
MORE Szyk


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