The following publications provide information about the voyage of the St. Louis in the larger context of American responses to the Holocaust. The material is appropriate for individuals at the adult or advanced high school reading level.

Breitman, Richard, and Alan M. Kraut, American Refugee Policy and European Jewry, 1933-1945. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Feingold, Henry L., The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust. New York: Holocaust Library, 1970.

U.S. Department of State. Documents on German Foreign Policy, Series D, Vol. 5. Washington, D.C., 1953.

Gellman, Irwin F., "The St. Louis Tragedy," first published in American Jewish Historical Quarterly (December 1971), pp. 57-69; reprinted in America, American Jews, and the Holocaust, Jeffrey S. Gurock, ed., American Jewish History: Volume 7, New York: Routledge, 1998, pp. 144-56.

Konovitch, Barry J. "The Fiftieth Anniversary of the St. Louis: What Really Happened," American Jewish History, LXXIX/2, 1989-1990.

Levine, Robert M., Tropical Diaspora: The Jewish Experience in Cuba. Gainesville: The University Press of Florida, 1993.

Lipstadt, Deborah E., Beyond Belief: The American Press and the Coming of the Holocaust 1933-1945. New York: The Free Press, 1986.

Lookstein, Haskel, Were We Our Brothers' Keepers? The Public Response of American Jews to the Holocaust 1938-1944. New York: Vintage Books, 1988.

Mendelsohn, John, ed., The Holocaust. Vol 7: Jewish Emigration. The S.S. St. Louis Affair and Other Cases. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1982.

Morse, Arthur D., While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy. Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press, 1983.

Ogilvie, Sarah A., and Scott Miller. Refuge Denied: The St. Louis Passengers and the Holocaust. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2006.

Wyman, David S., Paper Walls. America and the Refugee Crisis 1938-1941. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985.

Newton, Verne W. FDR and the Holocaust. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.



The following videos provide information about the voyage of the St. Louis:

The Double Crossing: The Voyage of the St. Louis. Holocaust Memorial Foundation of Illinois and Loyola University of Chicago. Distributed by Ergo Media, Inc., Teaneck, NJ, 1992. (documentary)

Sea Tales: The Doomed Voyage of the St. Louis. Distributed by A & E Home Video, New York, NY, 1996. (documentary)

The Voyage of the St. Louis. Distributed by Galafilm, Inc., Montreal, Canada, 1995. (documentary)

Voyage of the Damned. Distributed by Avid Home Entertainment, Van Nuys, CA, 1992. (feature film)


The following videos provide information about American responses to the Holocaust:

America and the Holocaust: Deceit and Indifference. Distributed by PBS Video, Alexandria, VA, 1994. (documentary)

Auschwitz and the Allies. No distributor listed. BBC production, 1980. (documentary)

Who Shall Live and Who Shall Die? Distributed by Zenger Video, Culver City, CA, 1982. (documentary; contains graphic images)