Prisoners standing for roll call at the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany, circa 1938. This twice-daily ordeal of several hours in all weather was so the SS guards could account for every single prisoner. Roll calls of many hours' duration were used also as camp-wide punishment, often ending in death for the weakest. The prisoners' uniforms bear classifying triangular badges and identification numbers. Homosexual prisoners were identified by pink triangle badges.
Thank you for visiting the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's website. Please consider taking five minutes to complete a short survey to help us improve your experience using this site.