Mary Robinson has served as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights since June of 1997. She has principal responsibility for the human rights activities of the United Nations, including streamlining the human rights machinery throughout the United Nations system and supervising the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva. Ms. Robinson has served as President of Ireland since 1990. She has worked in the area of human rights with special expertise in constitutional and European human rights law. She served as a member of the International Commission of Jurists (1987-1990) and of the Advisory Commission of Inter-Rights (1984-1990). She served as Special Rapporteur to the Interregional Meeting organized in 1993 by the Council of Europe on the theme “Human Rights at the Dawn of the 21st Century”, as part of its preparation for the 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights. Ms. Robinson was the first Head of State to visit Rwanda in the aftermath of the genocide there; she has made two subsequent visits. She was also the first Head of State to visit the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, as well as the first Head of State to visit Somalia following the crisis there in 1992. Ms. Robinson received the Special CARE Humanitarian Award in recognition of her efforts for Somalia. Prior to serving as Ireland’s President, she was a Senator from 1969 to 1989. She was called to the Bar in 1967, becoming Senior Counsel in 1980. She founded and was director of the Irish Centre for European Law from 1988-1990. From 1969 to 1975, she was Reid Professor of Constitutional and Criminal Law at Trinity College in Dublin.