Ibrahim Elbadawi, a Sudanese national, holds a Ph.D. degree in economics and statistics from North Carolina State and Northwestern Universities. He worked at the Policy Research Group of the World Bank since 1989, including spending five years of external service in Nairobi from 1993 to 1998, where he served as the Research Director of the African Economic Research Consortium. Before joining the World Bank he was an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Gezira in Sudan. His research interests range from broader socio-economic issues such as the linkages between poverty and civil wars, to more traditional macroeconomic topics, such as: exchange rate economics; capital flows; globalization, exports and comparative advantage; private investment and growth. His research and policy experiences cover Africa and the Middle East, including detailed country experiences related to several countries from the two regions.