Aryeh Neier is President of the Open Society Institute. Before joining the Open Society Institute and the Soros Foundations in September 1993, Mr. Neier spent twelve years as Executive Director of Human Rights Watch, of which he was a founder. Prior to that position, he worked for the American Civil Liberties Union for fifteen years, including eight as National Director. Mr. Neier served as an Adjunct Professor of Law at New York University for more than a dozen years and has lectured at a number of the country’s leading universities (including Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, New York University, University of California-Berkeley, and Duke) and at universities in many other countries. He is the recipient of three honorary doctorates (State University of New York-Binghamton, Hofstra University, and Hamilton College) and the American Bar Association’s Gavel Award. Mr. Neier is the author of Dossier: The Secret Files They Keep on You (1974), Crime and Punishment: A Radical Solution (1976), Defending My Enemy: American Nazis in Skokie, Illinois, and the Risks of Freedom (1979), Only Judgment: The Limits of Litigation in Social Change (1982), and War Crimes: Brutality, Terror, and the Struggle for Justice (1998). He has been a frequent contributor to numerous publications, including The New York Review of Books, The New York Times Book Review, and Foreign Policy. Mr. Neier was born in Nazi Germany and became a refugee at an early age. An internationally recognized expert on human rights, he has conducted investigations of human rights abuses in more than forty countries around the world. Over the past two decades, he has been directly engaged in the global debate on accountability and bringing to justice those who have committed crimes against humanity, the subject of his latest book. He played a leading role in the establishment of the international tribunal to prosecute those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the former Yugoslavia.