Anatol Lieven, a British journalist, writer and historian, joined the Carnegie Endowment in March 2000 as Senior Associate for Foreign and Security policy in the Russia and Eurasia Center. He was previously editor of Strategic Comments and an expert on the former Soviet Union, and on aspects of contemporary warfare, at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London. His latest book, Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power, was published by Yale University Press in May 1998. It is a study of the decline of the Russian state, seen through the prism of the Russian defeat in Chechnya, and also provides the first anthropological description of the Chechen nation and tradition in English. Anatol Lieven covered the Chechen War of 1994-96 as a correspondent for The Times (London). Anatol Lieven’s books to date have been largely based on his past work as a correspondent for The Times (London) in the former Soviet Union from 1990 to 1996 (based from 1990-92 in the Baltic States, thereafter in Moscow). During this period, Anatol Lieven was commended by the British Press Association for his coverage of the Baltic independence movements (in 1992) and of the Chechen War (in 1995). His book on the rebirth of the Baltic States, The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence, was joint winner (with Neal Ascherson) of the George Orwell Prize for political writing in 1994, and won the Yale University Press Governor’s Award in 1995. It was also a New York Times notable book of the year in 1993. A third book, Ukraine and Russia: Fraternal Rivals, was published in June 1999 by the United States Institute of Peace, to critical praise in the New York Review of Books and elsewhere. Prior to 1990, Anatol Lieven was correspondent for The Times in Pakistan and Afghanistan, where he covered the closing stages of the Soviet occupation and the start of the Afghan civil wars, as well as the election and early rule of Benazir Bhutto in Pakistan. In the autumn and winter of 1989, he covered the revolutions in Czechoslovakia and Romania for The Times. He has also reported from wars in Karabakh, Georgia and Tajikistan. He began to work as a freelance journalist in India in 1986, and in 1987 joined the BBC External Services Radio (Asian Service) as a producer/talkswriter. Anatol Lieven was educated at the City of London School from 1972-78. He also studied at Troy State University, Alabama, and Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi.