The Responsibility to Protect (r2p)
Originally articulated in 2001 by the Canadian-sponsored International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, and later unanimously adopted as part of the 2005 United Nations World Summit outcome document, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle consists of three pillars:
- Every state has the responsibility to protect its populations against genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing.
- The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual states in meeting that responsibility.
- If a state is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action in a timely and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter to protect those populations.
Our Work on the Responsibility to Protect
The Working Group on R2P is a joint project of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the US Institute of Peace, and the Brookings Institution. It is co-chaired by Madeleine K. Albright and Richard S.Williamson, who released their final report on July 24, 2013.
This July 2013 symposium brought together leaders from inside and outside government to examine the utility of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as a tool for preventing the world’s worst crimes.
The 2008 report of the Genocide Prevention Task Force provided practical policy recommendations to enhance the capacity of the US government to respond to emerging threats of genocide and mass atrocities.